Philosophies of Science

Institution: see Organisers & Supporters

Programme of study: International Research Workshop

Lecturer: Prof. Dr. Dr. Jaime Bonache (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid and Permanent Visiting Professor at ESADE Business School in Barcelona, Spain)

Date: see Workshop Programme

Max. number of participants: 15

Credit Points: 5 CP for participating in the whole IRWS

Language of instruction: English

Contents: By one widely held conception, Philosophy of Science is the attempt to understand the meaning, method, and logical structure of science by means of a logical and methodological analysis of the aims, methods, criteria, concepts, laws, and theories of science. It is thus an attempt to get a clear understanding of what science is and what is not. The major goal of this course is to provide students that understanding.

We would like to stress that this is an introductory course in Philosophy of Science. Our principles of selection of the topics included have been these: The selection should be intrinsically interesting. It should be relevant and comprehensible to a beginning student. It should serve to provoke discussion and criticism. We have also tried to relate the topics to current philosophical and methodological debates in the management area.

  1. INTRODUCTION
    a. The nature of management research
    b. (Two basic) Philosophical Positions in
    Management Research: Positivism and Interpretivism
  2. THE POSITIVIST APPROACH
    c. Positivism and Post-positivism
    d. Positivist research traditions in Management
    i. Theory Testing Research
    ii. Theory Building/Elaboration Research
    e. Evaluating Research Contributions in the Positivist tradition
    f. Some problems of positivism
  3. THE INTERPRETIVE APPROACH
    g. Phenomenology, Hermeneutics and its predecessors
    h. Comparing positivist and interpretive research contributions
    i. Evaluating research in the Interpretive Tradition
    j. Is interpretivism compatible with positivism?

The assigned readings are the following:

Bansal, P, Smith,W. and Vaara E. (2018): “New ways of seeing through qualitative research, Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 61 (4): 1189-1195.

Bonache. J and Zarraga, C. (2019): Compensating International Mobility in a Worker’s Cooperative: An interpretive study, Journal of World Business, in press

Lee, A. S. (1991). Integrating positivist and interpretive approaches to organizational research. Organization science, 2(4), 342-365.

Basic Bibliography:

Aguinis, H., & Solarino, A. M. 2019. Transparency and replicability in qualitative research: The case of interviews with elite informants. Strategic Management Journal. https://doi.org/10.1002/smj.3015

Alvesson, M., & Sandberg, J. (2011). Generating research questions through problematization. Academy of management review, 36(2), 247-27,1

Benton, T. (2001). Philosophy of social science: The philosophical foundations of social thought, McMilllan International.

Gibbert, M., Ruigrok, W., & Wicki, B. (2008). What passes as a rigorous case study?. Strategic management journal, 29(13), 1465-1474.

Kuhn, T. (1996): The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, 3rd Edition (First Edition 1962), The University of Chicago Press

Popper, K. (1963): “Science: Conjectures and Refutations.” From Conjectures and Refutations, pp. 33-41, 52-59. New York: Harper and Row

Rosenberg, A. (2011). Philosophy of science: A contemporary introduction. Routledge.

Sanders, P. (1982). Phenomenology: A new way of viewing organizational research. Academy of management review, 7(3), 353-360.

Sandberg, J. (2005). How do we justify knowledge produced within interpretive approaches?. Organizational research methods, 8(1), 41-68.

You have to register for the International Research Workshop to participate in this course.